Author(s): Wendy Warren
In the tradition of Edmund S. Morgan, whose American Slavery, American Freedom revolutionized colonial history, a new generation of historians is fundamentally rewriting America's beginnings. Nowhere is this more evident than in Wendy Warren's explosive New England Bound, which reclaims the lives of so many long-forgotten enslaved Africans and Native Americans in the seventeenth century. Based on new evidence, Warren links the growth of the northern colonies to the Atlantic slave trade, demonstrating how New England's economy derived its vitality from the profusion of slave-trading ships coursing through its ports. Warren documents how Indians were systematically sold into slavery in the West Indies and reveals how colonial families like the Winthrops were motivated not only by religious freedom but also by their slave-trading investments. New England Bound punctures the myth of a shining "City on a Hill," forcefully demonstrating that the history of American slavery can no longer confine itself to the nineteenth-century South.
"Whereas most studies of slavery in the United States concern the antebellum South, this one stakes out less visited territory-the laws and decisions made by the colonists in New England two centuries earlier." -- The New Yorker "[Warren] builds on and generously acknowledges more than two generations of research into the social history of New England and the economic history of the Atlantic world. But not only has she mastered that scholarship, she has also brought it together in an original way, and deepened the story with fresh research...New England Bound conveys the disorientation, the deprivation, the vulnerability, the occasional hunger and the profound isolation that defined the life of most African exiles in Puritan New England, where there was no plantation community." -- Christopher L. Brown - New York Times Book Review "'Slavery was in England's American colonies, even its New England colonies, from the very beginning,' explains Princeton historian Wendy Warren in her deeply thoughtful, elegantly written New England Bound...The greatest revelations of New England Bound lie in Warren's meticulous reconstruction of slavery in colonial New England...Warren pores over the patchy archival record with a probing eye and an ear keen to silences." -- Maya Jasanoff - New York Review of Books "[Warren] widens the lens to show the early New England economy was enmeshed in the seafaring trade that developed between four Atlantic continents for the transport, clothing, and feeding of African captives. The region's early growth and prosperity, Warren shows, sprang from that tainted commerce... Southerners resentful of Northerners' condescension about the slaveholding past may find some comfort in these pages. In them should be some Northern discomfort too." -- Kenneth J. Cooper - Boston Globe "Historians have written penetratingly on North American colonial racism and slavery-Edmund Morgan, Alden Vaughan, Ira Berlin, for starters-but New England Bound is a smart contribution to the New England story, a panoptical exploration of how slavery took root like a weed in the crack of a sidewalk... What we have in this account is sharp explication of the 'deadly symbiosis' of colonization and slavery, written with a governed verve that perks like a coffee pot. It makes the New England story that much fuller, challenging, and more accountable." -- Peter Lewis - Christian Science Monitor "A bracing and fearless inquiry into the intricate web of slavery and empire into which all New Englanders were bound. Ardently argued, and urgently necessary." -- Jill Lepore, author of New York Burning "A beautifully written, humane and finely researched work that makes clear how closely intermingled varieties of slavery and New England colonization were from the very start. With great skill, Warren does full justice to the ideas of the individuals involved, as well as to the political and economic imperatives that drove some, and that trapped and gravely damaged others." -- Linda Colley, author of Captives: Britain, Empire, and the World, 1600-1850 "Wendy Warren's deeply researched and powerfully written New England Bound opens up a new vista for the study of slavery and race in the United States. It will transform our thinking about seventeenth-century New England." -- Annette Gordon-Reed, author of The Hemingses of Monticello, winner of the Pulitzer Prize "New England Bound is a book of revelations. Not only does Wendy Warren cast startling new light on early America, not only does she uncover how racial slavery was woven into the fabric of New England from the very beginning, but she also shows how forgotten folk-people long thought lost to history-can be brought to light, and to life, if we look, and listen, for their stories. A remarkable achievement." -- James Merrell, author of Into the American Woods, winner of the Bancroft Prize "With intrepid research and stunning narrative skill, Wendy Warren demonstrates how much seventeenth-century New England societies were dependent on the West Indian slave trade, and especially on the labor, bodies, and lives of black slaves. Warren has turned the prophetic lessons of Ecclesiastes back upon the Puritan fathers with scholarly judgment, humanizing both them and the people they enslaved. This book is an original achievement, the kind of history that chastens our historical memory as it makes us wiser." -- David W. Blight, Yale University, author of Race and Reunion "In New England Bound, Wendy Warren builds a powerful case for the centrality of slavery to the economy of the Puritan colonies in the North." -- Joyce Appleby, author of The Relentless Revolution "A major contribution to the history of enslavement, of African Americans, of early New England society, and-most important-of the sinews and tissues at the center of the whole complex process we call 'colonization.' The research that supports it is ingenious, the argument compelling, the prose lucid and graceful." -- John Demos, author of The Heathen School
Wendy Warren received her PhD in history from Yale University and is currently an assistant professor in the Department of History at Princeton University. She lives in New Jersey.